Caribbean vs. Hispanic Immigrant Populations

For the first time in 2010, the U.S. Census began including questions about ancestry and origin for Hispanic respondents that included the rich and varied countries from which these immigrants come. This allows for new levels of analysis and insights when considering census data and geography; the results of some initial analyses along these lines are presented below.

Afro-Caribbean Populations

The above population distribution map (click on the map for a high-res version), where each dot represents 100 people of a given national origin (see legend), demonstrates the complexity of immigrant communities in Southeast Florida. In this case, it is clear that Afro-Caribbean immigrants, while sharing some cultural and socio-demographic characteristics, also delineate very clearly from community to community, in this case between Haitian, Jamaicans, and Bahamanians.

Hispanic Populations

This second map (click on the map for a high-res version) tells a similar story to the first, in this case looking at Spanish-speaking, Hispanic immigrant groups. Here, we see the distribution of Cubans, Puerto Ricans, and Nicaraguans. While Puerto Ricans and Cubans often share geographic space, Nicaraguans, especially in Miami-Dade, tend to be a highly "enclaved" population.

U.S. 2010 Census and Relative Population Density of Immigrant Communities

The following table offers some insight into the levels of concentration among immigrant communities in Southeast Florida. In order to calculate this measure, the total number of individuals from a particular immigrant population living in the top 10% most populous census tracts was divided by the total number of individuals in all of the census tracts examined (there are a total of 1219 census tracts in Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach Counties).

Nationality Total Population Population Density (% of pop. living in 10% of census tracts [n=1219])
Cuban 1,055,932 48%
Haitian 296,098 61%
Puerto Rican 271,282 30%
Colombian 227,344 38%
Jamaican 177,768 57%
Mexican 135,533 56%
Nicaraguan 120,937 51%
Russian 105,145 24%
Dominican 101,943 36%
Venezuelan 82,766 52%
Honduran 82,202 49%
Peruvian 77,277 35%
Guatemalan 52,142 61%
Argentinean 47,578 41%
French 43,588 52%
Brazilian 41,364 72%
Chinese 31,923 40%
Bahaman 16,554 80%
Trinidad and Tobago 13,533 82%
TOTAL / AVERAGE 2,948,986 51%